The UNSC (U.N. Security Council) officially welcomed Ecuador, Japan, Malta, Mozambique, and Switzerland on Tuesday, confirming their two-year terms in the positions they won without opposition in June.
The ambassadors of the five nations on Tuesday erected their national flags alongside those of other members outside the council rooms, continuing a custom that Kazakhstan began in 2018.
The 2 first timers
As both nations began their first-ever terms on the U.N.’s most powerful council, Swiss Ambassador Pascale Baeriswyl said she felt “a deep feeling of humility and responsibility.” Mozambican Ambassador Pedro Comissário Afonso of Mozambique termed it “a historic date.” Malta joined for a second time, Ecuador for a fourth, and Japan for a record-breaking twelve.
The permanent members of the group are China, France, Russia, the United Kingdom, and the United States, all of which have veto power. The General Assembly of 193 nations elects its additional 10 members to staggered, two-year mandates. They are distributed based on world regions.
In addition to examining broad thematic concerns like terrorism and arms control, the council sends out peacekeeping operations, has the authority to impose sanctions, and occasionally speaks out on disputes and flashpoints.
Council members have the opportunity to draw attention to new issues or subjects that are particularly important to them, even if many items on the agenda are perennial.
The five newest members replace Norway, Mexico, Ireland, Kenya, and India.
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