Compendium on Fuel Cell and Hydrogen

Hydrogen Fuel Cells - Beswick Engineering
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Given the relevance of hydrogen in the expanding landscape of renewable energy, the Department of Science and Technology (DST) sponsored a small R&D initiative a few years ago to serve as a pilot that can be scaled up based on national needs.

In the future, what are your requirements and priorities? So far, this initiative has supported twenty-nine projects in three key sectors of the hydrogen economy: production, storage, and utilization. All of these projects are currently at various phases of completion.

The programme can now be fine-tuned and closely matched to meet the National Hydrogen Mission’s unique R&D goals and priorities, with matching scaling up. We have already begun assessing the possibilities of previous efforts in terms of effect and scaling up.

The role is being examined at the highest level in order to identify existing R&D objectives, create a roadmap to achieve them, and start new initiatives tailored to specific R&D requirements.

Objectives and Roadmap

  • A lean premixed swirl-stabilized gas turbine combustor for stationary power production using high-hydrogen-content fuel was designed, developed, tested, and evaluated.
  • Using the beauty of encapsulation chemistry to boost the H2 economy: enhanced kinetics for the confined water splitting reaction
  • Development of effective and resilient working electrodes/photocatalysts for solar energy conversion to hydrogen via photoelectrochemical/photocatalytic water splitting: Laboratory experience scaled up to the next level
  • Investigating nitrogen and boron active sites. N-C-B and N2-C-B type active sites for electrocatalytic 4-electron oxygen reduction process included / doped materials
  • IEMFCL with Plasma Electrolytic Nitrided (PEN) Metallic Bipolar Plate and Effective Flow Field Design based on Lon gel Electrolyte Membrane Fuel Cell (MFC).
  • Hybrid nanostructured material development for solid-state hydrogen storage applications
  • Microporous ceramic membranes developed from thermoresistant polymers for the separation of hydrogen and carbon monoxide/carbon dioxide in hydrogen generation
  • Creating an integrated compressed hydrogen-fuel cell system for light-duty automobiles.
  • 3D nanostructured material design and development for electrochemical energy conversion and storage devices
  • Mesoporous Tin@nitrogen-Doped Carbon Nanostructured Support Materials with Less-Pt Electrocatalysts for Long-lasting and Low-Cost PEM Fuel Cells
  • Design and development of a lightweight pressure hydrogen storage cylinder based on graphene-reinforced carbon fibre/epoxy composite for vehicle applications.
  • 2D transition metal layered double hydroxides for room temperature aqueous phase alcohol dehydrogenation with electricity generation
  • The catalyst for (photo) electrochemical water splitting hydrogen generation
  • Bio-hydrogen utilisation in PEM fuel stacks-research and demonstration…
  • Micro Solid Oxide Fuel Cell (-SOFC) development in Low-Temperature Co-fired Ceramic (LTCC) technology
  • Hydrogen storage materials: optimization of existing materials, development of new storage materials, and exploration of new applications
  • Hydrogen ecosystem demonstration and certification for stationary power backup application for telecommunication towers
  • Graphene quantum dots’ potential for hydrogen storage in fuel cells is being explored.
  • Bio-inspired hydrogen evolution from water: overcoming practical constraints
  • Improved biogas hydrogen generation by sorption-enhanced reforming
  • Nano-doped hybridized biodiesel development and testing as a pilot fuel for hydrogen duel fuel operation in a stationary CI engine
  • Creating visible light active functional materials for effective photocatalytic and photoelectrocatalytic hydrogen generation
  • Development of a solar H2 generating reactor/process based on earth-abundant heterostructured photocatalysts.
  • Metals in Transition Strontium Zirconate Doped Perovskite and Strontium Manganite Perovskite for Solid Oxide Fuel Cell Applications
  • Graphene and hard carbon composites generated from biomass for energy storage applications
  • Non-Pt alloys and intermetallics as efficient electrode materials for fuel cell energy conversion
  • MOF development for fuel cell applications
  • Advanced noble-metal-free catalysts for hydrogen generation and fuel cell applications
  • DEEP: Design of an Efficient Photoelectrode for Hydrogen Fuel Production from Water

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