HEAD GEARS AND TURBANS: A covering for the head worn by men. A turban is made by folding a long piece of cloth around head. Do you know in India there are more than 2000 types of head tiers? India is known for its variety of culture’s and traditions, pug, head tier or turban is one of the marvellous costumes of the Indian subcontinent.

This represents from which society or state or region you belong, your religion and defines your economic status. It wore with obeisance or esteem it’s way to show respect and regard to others and which you are talking infront of. Their are various varieties of styles and way to tie turban.

In early era custom of wearing turbans goes upto uttariya, which wore by both man and women, which touches and goes upto your head or your shoulders even it represents your higher status.

One of the unusual and ancient headgear in India is the bison horn by the Maria tribe of Chattisgarh the tribal community derives it’s name from it’s customs of wearing this distinctive headdress which resembles the horns of bison. Gradually worn during marriage since or other ceremonies, the bison-shaped headgear of now a day’s are usually made using cattle horn . This headgear was a matter of pride in the tribes is passed on one generation to another.

source: coins and more


Indus valley civilization ( 3300 bce-1300 bce)

From the ancient evidences from statue’s of harrapa civilization shown as people use to wear turbans (pagadi) were man use to wear horn shaped turbans and women use to wore fan shaped headdresses in different styles and patterns, made of terracotta, bones, flowers and use of threads has been depicted that decorated with different kind of beads.

In Maurya and shunga period 

They use to tie their turbans with braid hair, position of common peoples turbans never been in center, only prist or kind can wore turbans at center, because they were called as god representatives. There was a type of turban called as mauli, which was decorated with a broach, jhala, precious diamonds and stones and thread decorated with pearls.

Sathvahana era 200 bce- 201AD 

Tribal women developed headbands decorated from beutiful peacocks feathers and rolls were man use to tie a cloth on the waist like a cummerbund type of fabric, three to four time they use to use that cloth as a turban from be save from summer in this hot and humid climate. At those time crown was made of gold wore by savasana ruler.

Period of Rajput’s and Mughal 800AD- 1761 A

For men turbans was most important accessories, because their turbans was identity of religion,caste, social status and birthplace or region from where person belongs can easily recognize. To alight or get off turban in front of someone was a sign of defeat and get off turban was biggest insult and disrespect and punishment of that period. That was the sign soon ruler going to dissolve.

In the older days,cotton was the fabric most commonly used material for turbans, and headgears. These was most because it was affordable and abundant, apart from these most comfortable fabrics to use in tropical and temperate climates such as silk and satin saw limited usage among more affluent and powerful class in period of rajput pagadi (turban) was 22 feet length and 8 inch of width.

Where saffa was small and short in length were to tie a turban was an art, and specialist who was perpect to tie these turban was appointed as pagadiband in royal court. Where mughals use to decorate their turbans with different colors and ornaments, nizam’s of Hyderabad introduces dastar, dastar was look like cap, hat or hood which was very important in royalcourt, according to post the color of turban was decided.

Maratha rule

Jereto, and peshwai pagadi and mysore petta use to cover whole head with the embroidery of pearls, diamond and semi precision stones were added.

At the time of the freedom movement against Britain’s Gandhi topi became very popular which became symbolic of political leaders, mostly in every religion, going any religious place like pilgrims or holy temples covering head was necessary, in this way devotee show his love and respect towards god, in sikh religion dasthar which represents Aastha, samanta,aadar,atmasamman,sahas, adhyatmikta and represents bhakti. Were in muslim community use to wear small cap which called as naquiyan, muslim communities believe that pagambar, Mohammed use to cover his head every time.


The legacy of these traditional headgear has been preserved till date sporting the headgear during election rallies and other ceremonial events and bright, groom of south India of Karnataka, adorn Patal’s as sign of respect during weddings the lineage and significance of these turban has extended by inter university board members of Karnataka ruled that students passing out from state university no longer use of wear conventional black caps opt to wear mysore petals and even in central university of India student use to wear turbans in conventional graduation ceremonies.

In any religion or caste turban plays a vital role to celebrate it’s importance Indian postal service introduces 16 different types of stamps in different states of india in which hairdressers are recognized such as Haryanvi pagadi,hornbill warriors cap,gujrati pagadi,bison horn maria tribal cap, Rajasthani pagadi, Himachali cap, angami tribe cap,japi cap,puneri pagadi, naga hat, mysore Petra, sikh pag or dashtar, Kashmiri or karakul cap, mithila cap,brokpa or tepi pagadi, gonda or ladhaki cap

Do you know that Kartar Singh from Patiala created a world history of wearing biggest turban.and height of turban is 645 meter long his weight is 100 pounds which is 45 kilo’s.

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