India’s Issues With And Prospects For Electric Vehicles

India's Issues With And Prospects For Electric Vehicles

The global market for electric vehicles is now growing quickly.Up to 6.75 million vehicles were sold in 2021, a doubling of the market. In 2021, more electric vehicles were sold in a single week than were in all of 2012. EV sales throughout the world kept growing. 10,5 million brand-new BEVs and PHEVs were delivered in total in 2022, up +55% from 2021.

The ambitious goal of zero emission targets set for 2050 will involve EVs significantly,

  • India’s electric vehicle market
  • Difficulties the EV Industry Faces
  • Conclusion
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India’s electric vehicle market

Automobile solutions that reduce or do not emit greenhouse gas emissions are needed for aspects of global warming.

 Due to the government’s ambitious objectives and initiatives, the electric car market in India is expanding. Over the past few years, public authorities in India have made a series of policy announcements relating to electric vehicles,demonstrating a strong commitment, practical action, and substantial ambition for the deployment of electric vehicles in the nation. Faster Adoption and Manufacture of Hybrid and Electric Vehicles (FAME).

An incentive programme under the NEMMP 2020, was introduced in 2015 with the goal of lowering the upfront cost of hybrid and electric vehicles and encouraging their early adoption.

The Tata Tigor EV and the Mahindra e-Verito make up the government’s current electric vehicle fleet. Many other automakers have started making significant efforts to electrify or add electric vehicles to their lineup.

According to the government, installing charging stations for electric vehicles does not require a special licence under the Energy Act of 2003, providing ambitious EV ambitions a significant boost. However, in order to distribute power, a distribution licence must be obtained from the relevant state electrical regulating bodies (SERCs).

India participates in the multi-governmental Electric Vehicles Initiative (EVI) policy forum. The EVI forum was created in 2009 to enable discussions between policymakers and numerous stakeholders and to accelerate the global adoption of electric cars. Canada, China, Finland, France, Germany, India, Japan, Mexico, the Netherlands, Norway, Sweden, the United Kingdom, and the United States are among the nations actively participating in the EVI.

By the end of the decade, the government wants to have 46,397 public charging stations (PCS) for electric vehicles (EV) installed in nine main cities. R.K. Singh, the Union Minister of Power and New and Renewable Energy (MNRE), gave the information in a written Lok Sabha reply.


  •  They challenge Indian driving habits despite being far less polluting.
  •  Since electric vehicles operate quietly and quickly accelerate, changing driving behaviours will be necessary.
  • India also needs to have a plan in place for when the batteries on these vehicles run out.
  • When considering purchasing an electric vehicle, the price is the factor that most worries people. The federal and state governments do offer a lot of incentives, though. But a commonality throughout all of the programmes is that the incentives are only valid for a set number of vehicles, and that when the discount and incentives are removed, the same EV that looked like it would be a good investment suddenly becomes out of reach. This indicates that once EV sales reach a certain saturation point, they will no longer be cheaper.
  • The nation should seek to create the appropriate legislation for building the ecology needed for electrical vehicles to run successfully, as well as an efficient charging infrastructure.
  • Choosing between AC (alternating current) and DC (direct current) chargers is an additional consideration. While an EV can be fully charged in about six hours using an AC charger, a car can be entirely charged in 40 to an hour using a DC charger.


 Electric automobiles give a unique opportunity for Indian drivers. Instead of limiting technology, we may alter our behaviour by paying attention to our lane markings, waiting our turn, being considerate of other people’s demands, and smoothing out our driving. We can also maximise the benefits of regenerative braking.

There might be a consequence of this. Driving an electric vehicle can encourage us to be more considerate when we’re waiting in lines and even think about asking someone to go ahead of us. India needs to ensure greater coordination in the deployment of electric vehicles as it moves forward, despite the government’s ambitious goals and activities, as seen by the lack of consistency across visions and accomplishments at various times and by various sectors.

By the end of the decade, the government wants to have 46,397 public charging stations (PCS) for electric vehicles (EV) installed in nine main cities. R.K. Singh, the Union Minister of Power and New and Renewable Energy (MNRE), gave the information in a written Lok Sabha reply.

Atulya Anand

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