India has always been a Multi-party system, there
are currently six national parties in India. AAP, BSP, BJP, CPI -M, and NPP (the first national party from the Northeast region).
In India, there are more than 56 state-recognized parties as of 2023.
There are currently six national parties in India and over 56 state-recognized parties and 2000+ unrecognized parties
Eligibility for National Party –
If a political Party wants to be recognised as a National party By the Election Commission of India (ECI), It needs to fulfil certain Objectives.
To be Recognised as a National Political Party, one to fulfil any one of the following three conditions –
- If a party wins 2% of seats in the Lok Sabha (as of 2014, 11 seats) from at least 3 different States.
- At a General Election to Lok Sabha or Legislative Assembly, the party polls 6% of votes in four States in addition to 4 Lok Sabha seats.
- A party is recognized
- as a State Party in four or more States
Based on the following, if Recognized as National Party it enjoys certain privileges like Reversed party symbol, free broadcast time on state-run television and radio and more.
Based on the following there are 6 National Political Parties in the Country as of 2023 –
- BHARATIYA JANTA PARTY popularly known as BJP was established on 6 April 1980. It is a National party having a reserved symbol of A Lotus.
- Indian National Congress –
Known as INC was established in the time of 1885 for fighting for Independence against the Britishers. It enjoys the Status of a National Party and has the symbol of the Hand
- Communist Party of India (Marxist) –
It is popularly known as CPI -M, established in 1964. It is one of the recognised national parties with a strong presence in Tripura, Kerala and West Bengal.
- Aam Admi party –
It is one the prominent parties in India that were established in 2012 and earlier was a reconsigned state party and recently got approved as a national party
- Bahujan Samjh party –
It is one of the national parties that represent Bahujan referring to SCs, ST and other backwards religious minorities. It was established in 1984 and enjoys National Party status.
- National People Party –
It is popularly known as NPP which was established in 2013. It is the national-level party that enjoys influence mainly in the state of Meghalaya.
These parties enjoy the National level status as in 2023