Footwear refers to garment worn on feet, which typically serves purpose of protection against adversities of the environment such as ground texture  and primarily to save from leg injury . Footwear can also be used for fashion and adornment to indicate status or rank of person within society .

Even socks and hosiery are typically worn additionally between feet and shoe for further comfort and relief. in some culture people remove their shoes before entering house. bare foot are also seen as sign of humanity  and respect and adherents of many worship or mourn   religion. some religious communities explicitly require people to remove their shoes before they enter holy buildings such as temples.

In some culture people remove their shoe as sign of respect toward someone higher standing. in similar context deliberately forcing other people  to go barefoot while being stod oneself  has seen clearly showcase and convey one’s superiority within setting of power disparity.

practitioners   of these craft of shoemaking are called as shoemaker, cobbler. 


if you think that the discovery of high heel footwear was in the 20th century so you are absolutely wrong, recently archaeological survey of India got some evidence, 45km away from Kolkata at Chandraketu Garh that evidence proves that our ancestors from very early 200 bc used to carry high heel and use of floral design footwear was there.

So let’s move on to collect some more interesting facts and information about footwear, whether it is Chinese lotus shoes, Japanese okobos, roman gladiators or Indian mojari demand of wearing footwear were in demand from a very earlier time, in all over the world way our carrying clothes were a symbol of our tradition and representation of culture believes and values, shows the shadow of our civilization and society from were we belong, the same way our footwear is also an important part our customs. 

Foot binding was the Chinese custom of breaking and tightly binding the feet of a young girl in older to change the shape and size of their feet, during the time it was practised. bound feet were considered a status symbol and a mark of beauty feet altered by foot binding were known as lotus feet, and the shoes made for these feet were known as lotus shoes.

Description on Footwear
source: Amazon

Vedic era   (800bce- 1500bce) in India wearing footwear started from the Vedic period,

The Kushan era(130bc-185ad) Gupta era (320ad-550ad)

We can see through evidence in paintings and coins of the Gupta period symbols of footwear were used, in the the ancient period footwear was mostly made of wooden or tree bark or metal were used. that period this footwear was called upnah or paduka.

Where upnah were worn by traders and businessmen of that era the paduka was worn by dharam guru or spiritual teachers, and the saints and sages of ancient India were worn wooden slippers as ‘khadau’ or padukas because it believe they knew the concept of electric current in body &earth gravity which absorbed all constantly flowing waves.this reduces our biological potency and as wood is bad conductor of electricity hence the sages chose it to fashion their khadi and padukas.

The padukas also provide ample pressure on subtle acupressure points on the feet, which help in regulating blood pressure, muscle tension/strain. improving digestion uptake of oxygen and excretion of toxic out of the body.  in Indian tradition touching foot is a way to show respect to elders to take their 

Their is a incident in Indian mythology Ramayana when lord rama was in vanvas (exile) his younger brother Bharat came to meet lord Rama to come back and to rule ayodhaya. but rama lord denied to return ayodhaya because he don’t want to  disrespect his father (dasrath) oder, hence bharat took lord rama paduka to ayodhaya.and even preaching of toes of god and goddess was part of indian culture from a period of long time.

Footwear has been use since earliest human history, archaeological finds of complete shoes date back to chalcolithic 5000bce. some ancient civilization, such as egypt and greece however saw no practical need for footwear due to convenient climatic and landscape situation and landscape situation and used shoe primary  as ornaments and insignia of power.

The Romans saw clothing and footwear as unmistakable sign of power and status in society ,and most roman were wore footwear while slaves and peasants remained barefoot the middle age saw the rise of high heeled shoes, also associated with power and desire to look larger than life and artwork from that period often depict bare feet as symbol of poverty depiction of captives such as prisoners or slaves the period of well into 18th century show the individual barefooted almost exclusively at contrasting the prevailing partakers.

Of the scene.. officers like prosecutors, judges but also slaves owners or passive bystanders were usually portrayed wearing shoes, during the middle ages man and women both wore patterns,  commonly seen as predecessors of the modern high heeled shoe were poor and lower class of europe, as well as slaves in new world usually were barefoot .  in 15th century, chopines were created in turkey were 7-8 inches high. and became popular in Venice throughout Europe, as status symbol  revealing  wealth and social standing.

During the 16th century ,such as catherine de medici and mary i of england began wearing high heeled shoe to look taller and larger in life. by 1580 men  also wore them  and a person with authority or wealth might describe as well heeled. in modern society high heeled shoe are a part of women fashion and widespread in certain country  around world. 

Types and variety of Footwear 


Kolhapur chappal- originally kolhapuri slippeers made of leader from buffalo skin and thread weight of the slipper was nearly 2kg they also called as kapashi,pietaan, kackkadi, bakkalnali these were name of villages where these slippers were made, they were made of fine leather also they were made of different styles, colors  and designs. they are in demand in market in other types.  slippers, because no  use of nail(keel) and in process of oiling sliper take shape according to your legs which make Kolhapuri chappal more comfortable..

In the year 2019, Kolhapur slipper got gi tag (gi tag -geographical indication) tag a measure which defines the region of origin of the product it further indicates that the product is an intellectual property of that  region).in which ownership is given in Maharashtra state Kolhapur, Solapur, Sangli, Satara, and state of Karnataka, district include Tharwar, Bagalkot, Belgaum, Bijapur

Description on Footwear
Source: Flipkart

The revolution came for weavers of kolhapuri slipper indian and intentional market the kolhapuri sliper got its identity and increased its high demand and opened market for many bollywood actors carry kolhapuri slippers with them and its became a fashion statement in both traditional and modern outfits.        

Peshwani chappal 

shoes- zari juttiya, Indo Tibetan felt boot, vegetable fibre boot, Atlantic shoe, ballet shoe, ballet flats, brothel creepers, court shoe, diabatic shoe, gal shoe, kitten hills, hilltops/ climbing shoe, school shoe, party wear shoe, sneakers, boat shoe, snowshoe/ ice skater. 

socks ankles, booby socks, diabetic socks, foot wraps, knee hills, toe socks.

Mojari’s and Jutis

these shoes is the identity of luxuries and high-status symbol, these shoe introduced in era of Mughal ruler Salim shah these shoes were decorated my different pearls and gems over time it became popular for its ornamental style and unique style, shape and its shining quality after the Mughal period wore by rich zamindars( landlords), kings queens. but in  today’s  scenario its wore in all over india  in traditional occasions specially, popular in Rajasthan and Punjab.

Description on Footwear
Source: Sarang

With over of time passed the weavers and craftsman settled in north india and their respective areas and transfer their skill of making shoe to the next generation brought variations over time. originally these mojari wore with formal dress and traditional dress such as kurta pajama, dhoti kurta, sherwani and pajama.

Footwear is one of the major custom which complete our outfit, we can calculate its important that a person can judge  or measure your personality,.its tough to imagine life without footwear.

Footwear Industry 

1. nike 2. adidas 3. batta 4. reebok 5. jordan 6. khadim’s 7.puma balance 9.skechers 10.fila 11. van’s.

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